Identify the greatest threat Give yourself safe space Always scan the road at least 12 to 15 seconds ahead and identify potential hazards. Be alert to the driving environment and try to anticipate how the potential hazards in your intended path of travel could affect you. Also make sure to pay attention to hazards that are within two seconds of travel in front of your car.
Flights involved[ edit ] Bashkirian Airlines Flight was a chartered flight from MoscowRussia, to BarcelonaSpain, carrying sixty passengers and nine crew. The captain had more than 12, flight hours to his credit.
Grigoriev, the chief pilot of Bashkirian Airlines, had 8, hours of flying experience and his task was to evaluate Captain Gross's performance throughout the flight. At the time of the accident, the aircraft was en route from BergamoItaly, to BrusselsBelgium.
The only air traffic controller handling the airspace, Peter Nielsen, was working two workstations at the same time. Partly due to the added workload, and partly due to delayed radar data,  he did not realise the problem in time and thus failed to keep the aircraft at a safe distance from each other.
Less than a minute before the accident he realised the danger and contacted Flightinstructing the pilot to descend by a thousand feet to avoid collision with crossing traffic Flight Seconds after the Russian crew initiated the descent, their traffic collision avoidance system TCAS instructed them to climb, while at about the same time the TCAS on Flight instructed the pilots of that aircraft to descend.
Unaware of the TCAS-issued alerts, Nielsen repeated his instruction to Flight to descend, giving the Tupolev crew incorrect information as to the position of the DHL plane telling them that the Boeing was to the right of the Tupolev when it was in fact to the left.
The Tupolev broke into several pieces, scattering wreckage over a wide area. The nose section of the aircraft fell vertically, while the tail section with the engines continued, stalled, and fell. Each engine ended up several hundred metres away from the main wreckage, and the tail section was torn from the fuselage by trees just before impact.
The other controller on duty was resting in another room for the night.
This was against SkyGuide's regulations but had been a common practice for years and was known and tolerated by management. Maintenance work was being carried out on the main radar image processing system, which meant that the controllers were forced to use a fallback system.
Even if Nielsen had heard this warning, at that time finding a useful resolution order by the air traffic controller is impossible. All countries involved could add additional "deviating" statements to the official report.
The Kingdom of BahrainSwitzerland, and the Russian Federation did submit positions that were published with the official report. The deviating statements were published verbatim as an appendix to the report by the German federal investigators. It says that the report should have put less emphasis on the actions of individuals and more on the faults within Skyguide's organisation and management.
Bahrain's statement also mentions the lack of crew resource management in the Tupolev's cockpit as a factor in the crash. Also, the controller gave the wrong position of the DHL plane 2 o'clock instead of the actual 10 o'clock.
Russia asserts that the DHL crew had a "real possibility" to avoid a collision since they were able to hear the conversation between the Russian crew and the controller.
The Swiss say that this was also a cause of the accident. Nielsen needed medical attention due to traumatic stress caused by the accident.
The Swiss Federal Court turned down appeals from some relatives for higher compensation in The court found that Germany was legally responsible for the actions of Skyguide. The government appealed the ruling,  but in late Bashkirian Airlines and the Federal Republic of Germany reached a tacit agreement, ending the court case before a decision on the legal issues was reached.
The case was opened in March ; the legal questions are expected to be difficult, as the airline has filed for bankruptcy under Russian law. On 7 Augusta Swiss prosecutor filed manslaughter charges against eight employees of Skyguide.
The prosecutor called for prison terms of up to 15 months if found guilty. Three of the four managers convicted were given suspended prison terms and the fourth was ordered to pay a fine. Another four Skyguide employees were cleared of any wrongdoing.
He was released in November because his mental condition was not sufficiently considered in the initial sentence. In Januaryhe was appointed deputy construction minister of North Ossetia.
The medal is awarded for the highest achievements, improving the living conditions of the inhabitants of the region, for educating the younger generation and maintaining law and order.
TCAS was a relatively new technology at the time of the accident, having been mandatory [Note 2] in Europe since When the RA is removed, the flight crew should advise ATC that they are returning to their previously assigned clearance or should acknowledge any amended clearance issued.
On the one hand, chapter 8.Two keys to survival are (1) Learning to control your emotions, and (2) developing defensive driving strategies. As you learned earlier, emotions have a tremendous influence on driving behavior.
Foreword: (this Foreword written January, by Daniel Winters; [email protected]) Rather than a book written as such, this work is a collection of lectures and letters written by Mr. Miller, and put into book form by Mr.
Himes. I HONESTLY come from the old school – just follow the rules – plane and simple.
We ALL have a right to be on the road. Pass a bike as though it is a slow moving vehicle. REAL WORLD ORDER WHO RULES THE WORLD? "NOT ALL CONSPIRACIES ARE THEORIES" There is a plan for the world - a New World Order - devised by a British/American/European financial elite of immense wealth and power, with centuries-old historical roots.
NHTSA’s Teen Driving site contains information on States' driver licensing requirements for teens as well as ideas and resources to help you—the parents—lay down the ground rules with your.
Some simple rules can keep you safe on two wheels. Lean more about bike riding in this article for kids.