Many people with eating disorders have major depressive disorder. They may withdraw socially, be irritable, have insomnia, and experience reduced libido. In some patients, the symptoms of major depressive disorder are physiological responses to starvation and resolve as the patient restores their body weight during treatment. Most people with eating disorders suffer severe anxiety.
By Susan KnowltonIn Eating Disorders Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by the patient forcibly vomiting after eating, normally with the intention of losing weight, but other times for other psychological reasons — such as a desire to regress to a more child-like state, or due to actual enjoyment of the sensation of vomiting itself.
This then often has the desired effect of making the individual thinner as they do not digest fats or carbohydrates. However at the same time this also causes many side effects — some of which go above and beyond the side effects caused by other eating disorders such as anorexia.
Here we will look at bulimia side effects, what they are and why they occur. Bulimia is a very serious condition and if you or anyone you know is suffering from it then it is highly important that you get it addressed before these side effects get too severe or cause irreversible damage.
Bulimia Side Effects Damage to the Esophagus The esophagus is the technical term for the tube in our throat that carries food down and on occasion up. This is designed in order to allow us to swallow foods which are edible and saliva will lubricate and break up those foods as we do.
However on occasions where we vomit, this brings up not only food, but also the more powerful stomach acids that our body uses to break down larger and more difficult-to-digest foods.
When these are brought into the esophagus this can present a problem as they will burn through the delicate lining. This can also further cause damage to the vocal chords which can affect your voice.
Acid Reflux Constantly being sick can also cause digestive problems, and specifically this will include acid reflux where acid gets through your esophageal sphincter more easily even when you are not being sick. This can cause heart burn and further damage the lining of your esophagus.
Stomach Ulcers At the same time constantly filling and emptying your stomach will mean you often have a stomach filled with acid and nothing else. This can make stomach ulcers more likely, as well as infections of the stomach lining.
Mineral Deficiency Bulimic patients often do not allow the food in their stomach to sit long enough for any the nutrients or minerals to be absorbed into the bloodstream.
That then causes deficiencies which lead to a range of other problems. Such as… Osteoporosis Osteoporosis can occur as a result of either a deficiency of calcium in the body, or an inability of the body to utilize that calcium. Thus bulimia can lead to osteoporosis which means various joint problems and brittle bones which can be highly dangerous.
Dry Skin and Hair Loss It is ironic in a way that many people begin to develop bulimic tendencies as a result of a desire to look attractive and slim; for most people of course that level of slimness is not attractive, but furthermore the lack of vitamins and minerals as well as fats can cause the skin to dry out and flake and hair to fall out.
Infertility A Freudian explanation for bulimia and anorexia is that the patient is trying to regain their childhood and prevent aging. The cause of this belief is that starving the body is a method by which women can prevent a lot of their normal development bulimia and anorexia are both more predominant in women which is often used as support for this argument.
Over time this will disrupt the menstrual cycle, the slimness will lead to a lack of visible breasts, and ultimately it will lead to complete infertility — which may be irreversible.
Weakness When you stop digesting your food this prevents you from adding fat to your frame, but at the same time it also prevents you from adding muscle for which we need high amounts of the amino acids found in protein. Likewise a lack of calcium will limit the strength of your contractions.
You can also expect to experience very low energy as a result of a lack of carbs for the body to burn and low iron etc. Low Mood What you eat directly affects your brain and which chemicals it produces.
Elimination Problems A lack of normal digestion as well as a lack of the normal foods and substances in your system can lead to elimination problems such as diarrhea and constipation. At the same time it will also damage and stain your teeth as you evacuate your system. Insomnia One of the paradoxes of bulimia is that although you will be incredibly tired, you will also be unable to sleep and will find yourself tossing and turning throughout the night.
Immune System Damage Your immune system is the part of your body which fights off illnesses and helps us to repair damage. At the same time a lack of vitamin C and antioxidants will mean that your immune system is left to fend for itself without help which makes the task much more difficult — and it will be very busy running around putting out fires elsewhere that exist as a result of your lack of nutrients which means it will be stretched in too many directions.
This means that bulimic patients can expect to suffer lots of illnesses and to find that their wounds do not heal as quickly as they should. Social Issues You can expect to suffer many social issues as a result of bulimia — you may be able to eat in public for instance, and you might find that you smell of vomit after throwing up.
All of this can be further isolating and contribute to existing psychological issues. Body Dysmorphia Body dysmorphia is a condition where individuals do not see themselves as they really are.An eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating and feelings of loss of control over eating that have lasted at least 6 months.
Binge episodes can be triggered by frustration, anger, depression, anxiety, permission to eat forbidden foods, and excessive hunger. The first effect of bulimia on a person is a physical effect. Bulimia can have physical effects on a person’s body.
Teeth enamel erosion and cavities are some of the effects of bulimia which result from stomach acid from vomiting.
In anorexia, people have a distorted perception of their overall body image: anorexics believe that they are extremely overweight when, in fact, they are severely underweight. The malnutrition that results from anorexia can affect the body through the development of many long-term complications including death.
Jul 25, · In the United States, eating disorders affect 5 to 10 million people, primarily young women between the ages of 14 and 40 years. 1 Much attention has been paid to the identification and treatment of anorexia nervosa in this age group.
2, 3 However, bulimia nervosa is a more prevalent disorder that is more difficult to identify in the primary care setting.
Effects of Bulimia: An Overview Bulimia is more than just a problem with food. Purging to prevent weight gain is a way for people with bulimia to feel more . Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder in which a person engages in uncontrollable episodes of overeating (bingeing) usually followed by intentionally vomiting (sometimes called purging), misuse of laxatives, enemas, fasting, or excessive exercise to control weight.
Bingeing, in this situation, is.