The Personal Life of Henri Matisse "If my story were ever to be written truthfully from start to finish, it would amaze everyone. The house had two rooms, a beaten earth floor and a leaky roof. Matisse said long afterwards that rain fell through a hole above the bed in which he was born.
Along with Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Le bonheur de vivre is regarded as one of the pillars of early modernism. In the central background of the piece is a group of figures that is similar to the group depicted in his painting The Dance — In the picture, there are several nude bodies of women and men in a landscape drenched with vivid color.
Cuno and Thomas Puttfarken suggest that the inspiration for the work was Agostino Carracci's engraving of Reciproco Amore or Love in the Golden Age after the similarly named painting by the 16th-century Flemish painter Paolo Fiammingo.
Based on the many similarities with the engraving, in particular its theme of pastoral fantasy and its composition with the circle of dancers in the background, Cuno came to the conclusion that Carracci's engraving had a decisive influence on the final composition of Le Bonheur de Vivre.
Yet this painting was Matisse's own response to the hostility his work had met with in the Salon d'Automne ofa response that entrenched his art even more deeply in the esthetic principles that had governed his Fauvist paintings which had caused a furor and which did so on a far grander scale, too.
Le bonheur de vivre features a large amount of cadmium sulfide-based yellow. Portions of the painting containing cadmium sulfide are turning white or brown, degrading the work. University of Delaware Prof. Preliminary tests carried out by UD doctoral student Jonathan Church at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ESRF in Grenoble, France, show that carbon dioxide is reacting with the cadmium sulfide, causing the formation of cadmium carbonate, which is white.
Also, the presence of chloride in the paint appears to be acting as a catalyst for the deterioration. Opila and his research team theorize that the binder, an oil similar to linseed oil, may be turning brown.
Joy of Live, the second of his important imaginary compositions, is typical of these. He used a landscape he had painted in Collioure to provide the setting for the idyll, but it is also influenced by ideas drawn from Watteau, Poussin, Japanese woodcuts, Persian miniatures, and 19th century Orientalist images of harems.
The scene is made up of independent motifs arranged to form a complete composition. Critics noted its new style - broad fields of color and linear figures, a clear rejection of Paul Signac's celebrated Pointillism.
Joy of Life is a large-scale painting nearly 6 feet in height, 8 feet in widthdepicting an Arcadian landscape filled with brilliantly colored forest, meadow, sea, and sky and populated by nude figures both at rest and in motion.
As with the earlier Fauve canvases, color is responsive only to emotional expression and the formal needs of the canvas, not the realities of nature. It is a large-scale painting, depicting an Arcadian landscape filled with brilliantly colored forest, meadow, sea, and sky and populated by nude figures both at rest and in motion.
In both works trees are planted at the sides and in the far distance, and their upper boughs are spread apart like curtains, highlighting the figures lounging beneath. Matisse unifies the figures and the landscape.
This is a radical new approach that incorporate purely expressive, bright, clear colors and wildly sensual forms. Bonheur de Vivre was regarded as the most radical painting of its day.
In fact, this exploration of vision through space is the key to understanding Matisse's work.
By incorporating shifting perspectives, he brought this idea to a grand scale. As a result of his experimentation with perspective, the viewer relates differently to the painting and is required to "enter" the scene.
Here, the joy of lovemaking, piping, and dancing infuses the colors and rhythmic shapes of the canvas.Watch video · Henri Matisse was born on December 31, , and was raised in the small industrial town of Bohain-en-Vermandois in northern France.
His family worked in the grain business. After learning about Henri Matisse and his paper cutouts, the children use his style to cut and arrange shapes while making collages.
For all ages. During his Fauve years Matisse often painted landscapes in the south of France during the summer and worked up ideas developed there into larger compositions upon his return to Paris.
Joy of Live, the second of his important imaginary compositions, is typical of Medium: oil. Henri Matisse was one of the great masters of 20th century art.
He was a founder of 'Les Fauves' who enjoyed painting still lifes with outrageously bold colours. Joy of Life (Bonheur de Vivre), by Henri Matisse Click Image to view detail. During his Fauve years Matisse often painted landscapes in the south of France during the summer and worked up ideas developed there into larger compositions upon his return to Paris.
The hot ticket in New York this fall is MOMA’s exhibit of Matisse’s colorful cutouts. Skip the lines with this virtual tour.