Rationale[ edit ] There are numerous reasons to implement workplace wellness programs into the workplace. To begin, many Americans spend the majority of their time in the workplace. Additionally, the cost of healthcare is continually rising as result of chronic diseases in the US, workplace wellness programs can help abate this cost.
Plenert offers four reasons, paraphrased here. Thus the Japanese "leaned out" their processes. In this way, inventory levels were kept low, investment in in-process inventories was at a minimum, and the investment in purchased natural resources was quickly turned around so that additional materials were purchased.
Debates in professional meetings on JIT vs. An article in a issue of Inc. At Omark's mother plant in Portland, Oregonafter the work force had received 40 hours of ZIPS training, they were "turned loose" and things began to happen.
A first step was to "arbitrarily eliminate a week's lead time [after which] things ran smoother. Bya case-study book on JIT in the U.
Two similarly-inclined books emergent in the U. The second book, reporting on what was billed as the First International Conference on just-in-time manufacturing,  includes case studies in three companies: In addition, a day-2 keynote discussed JIT as applied "across all disciplines, The same period, saw the rise of books and articles with similar concepts and methodologies but with alternative names, including cycle time management,  time-based competition,  quick-response manufacturing,  flow,  and pull-based production systems.
Inasmuch as manufacturing ends with order-fulfillment to distributors, retailers, and end users, and also includes remanufacturing, repair, and warranty claims, JIT's concepts and methods have application downstream from manufacturing itself. A book on "world-class distribution logistics" discusses kanban links from factories onward.
Make it right the first time — elimination of defects. Setup reduction — flexible changeover approaches. Lot sizes of one — the ultimate lot size and flexibility. Uniform plant load — leveling as a control mechanism.
Balanced flow — organizing flow scheduling throughput. Skill diversification — multi-functional workers. Control by visibility — communication media for activity. Preventive maintenance — flawless running, no defects.
Fitness for use — producibility, design for process. Compact plant layout — product-oriented design. Streamlining movements — smoothing materials handling. Supplier networks — extensions of the factory.
Worker involvement — small group improvement activities. Cellular manufacturing — production methods for flow. Objectives and benefits[ edit ] Objectives and benefits of JIT manufacturing may be stated in two primary ways:Discover how to develop a business plan that will make bankers, prospective partners and investors line up at your door.
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