Political Order in Changing Societies Duringjust as the United States' war in Vietnam was becoming most intense, Huntington published Political Order in Changing Societies, which was a critique of the modernization theory which had affected much U.
Sunday, November 16, Samuel P. Huntington's "Clash of Civilizations? A Summary The work of Samuel P. Huntington will act as a key source for our exploration of the civilization exclusivity question, raised above. He proposes that prior warfare and conflict transition from the work of monarchies, to the stuff of nation states, to the result of ideological differences.
Huntington concludes his article with a prediction that civilization divisions and misunderstandings will fuel all debates to come. To further this argument, Huntington reveals what attributes constitute a civilization. He suggests that civilizations share basic commonalities that have been established over time, and are unlikely to change quickly.
These include language, history, religion, and customs — among other basic characteristics — that all members of that division intensely identify with.
Civilizations may be large or small, and may overlap creating subcivilizations.
A civilization is the broadest level of identification that one identifies with, and as individuals redefine their values and identities, so civilizations adapt and shift.
The first reason is that the differences in views between these groups are on a fundamental level.
They contain basic questions, such as what the relationships are between man and God, individual and group, and parent and child.
In addition, the interactions between these civilizations are increasing rapidly, causing people to become exceedingly receptive of these basic differences.
Also, due to modernization, the nation is becoming less of a source of identity, and people are turning to other groups to create meaning, often through unsecularization. This is confounded by an anti-Westernization movement, under which the West is at the peak of its power, and faces a non-West that strongly opposes all association with it.
These reasons for why the clash will occur function to emphasize a duality in how it will occur. These fault lines often occur due to religious beliefs, and have led to Arab nationalist movements, as well as Islamic Fundamentalism.
Although not all of these clashes will be characterized by violence, the conflicts occurring along Islamic fault lines appear most ominous. Huntington warns that this type of rallying has been limited to date, but has the potential to spread into further conflict in the near future.
Fundamental Western values such as individualism, democracy, and the separation of church and state have little sway over many other world civilizations, causing strain between the West and non-West. This is particularly true, as some countries defect from the West while others contain groups at odds with one another regarding how best to approach dominant Western culture.
Huntington asserts that some civilizations are better positioned to Westernize than others, and that Confucian and Islamic groups are among those that are least likely to embrace Western culture. As such, these groups have established a connection with each other, creating a significant challenge to Western interests through their alliance and through increased weaponization.
As the West de-weaponizes, this civilization rallying may erupt in some of the most intense conflict to come. As Huntington proves, the implications of civilization-consciousness are multitudinous and multifaceted, and serve to further differentiate groups rather than bring them together.
This assessment may prove useful when considered in relation to the civilization exclusivity idea, as it not only suggests that civilizations are unable to truly understand one another, but that the results of different opinions are sometimes explosive.
Angela Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.Samuel P. Huntington shocked the world in when he published “The Clash of Civilizations” in the journal of Foreign Affairs. Huntington states “most important conflicts of the future will occur along the cultural fault lines separating these civilizations from one another” (Huntington , 25).
The Clash of Civilizations study guide contains a biography of Horatio Alger, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. About The Clash of Civilizations.
Summary of The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order By Samuel P. Huntington Summary written by Hollie Hendrikson, Conflict Research Consortium Citation: Huntington, Samuel P. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. The Decline of the West (German: Der Untergang des Abendlandes), or The Downfall of the Occident, is a two-volume work by Oswald Spengler, the first volume of which was published in the summer of Spengler revised this volume in and published the second volume, subtitled Perspectives of World History, in Spengler introduces his book as a "Copernican overturning" involving the. Mar 04, · Samuel Huntington was one of America’s greatest political scientists. In , he published a sensational essay in Foreign Affairs called “The Clash of Civilizations?” The essay, which.
The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics. The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future. Conflict between civilizations will be the .
The Decline of the West (German: Der Untergang des Abendlandes), or The Downfall of the Occident, is a two-volume work by Oswald Spengler, the first volume of which was published in the summer of Spengler revised this volume in and published the second volume, subtitled Perspectives of World History, in Spengler introduces his book as a "Copernican overturning" involving the.
The Clash of Civilizations is a hypothesis that people's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world.
The American political scientist Samuel P. Huntington argued that future wars would be fought not between countries, but between cultures, and that Islamic extremism would become the biggest threat to world peace.
Nov 16, · Samuel P. Huntington's "Clash of Civilizations?": A Summary The work of Samuel P. Huntington will act as a key source for our exploration of the .