Start of the revolution[ edit ] Artistic impression of Bloody Sunday in St.
It also sparked what became known as the Revolution. Unlike some other revolutions, the Revolution was spontaneous, uncoordinated and lacked a single guiding movement or objective. Instead, it was a series of rebellious behaviours by several unconnected groups and classes, each with their own set of grievances.
Though the heart of the Revolution was in the cities, which it had started, the spirit of rebellion spread across the empire to include mutinies in remote naval bases, peasant uprisings around the empire and worker unrest in Siberia.
By mid the revolutionary fervour had reached such an intensity that the overthrow of tsarism seemed more likely than not. But tsarism was able to survive, in part through promises of liberal reform, in part because the revolutionary forces lacked organisation, cohesion and a common objective.
Though Nicholas II was not in the Winter Palace when the Putilov workers were shot on the quadrangle outside, he nevertheless condoned the actions of the officers and refused to sanction them.
This only intensified anti-tsarist sentiment and fuelled unrest in St Petersburg. It also led to concerns about the personal safety of the royal family. Nicholas immediately cancelled almost all of his public appearances and for much of the royal family remained in the comparative safety of their palaces.
During the trial of the Soviet leaders he made a characteristic denouncement of tsarism from the witness stand… Trotsky emerged from with a reputation of a man of action and a revolutionary of great courage and daring.
Thousands of workers in Russian cities elected to cease work as a show of solidarity with their murdered comrades in St Petersburg. Within a month an estimatedindustrial workers were striking across Russia, around half of these in St Petersburg alone.
These strikes required coordination and leadership, most of which came from factory committees or influential individuals. But as the revolution dragged on through the summer, there were calls for a council of delegates to represent all industrial workers.
The Mensheviks were the dominant political group in this new body, though the Bolsheviks and SRs were also well represented amongst its delegates. Another worrying sign for tsarism was a spate of mutinies that erupted in military units through the middle and end of The most famous of these occurred aboard the battleship Potemkin on the Black Sea, triggered by officers with a liking for corporal punishment and the serving of maggot-ridden meat to mistreated sailors.
Now in command of the Potemkin, they sailed it first to Odessa which was under a general strike and then to Romania, where most of them disembarked.
Another mutiny broke at in November at the naval depot in Sevastopol, where several thousand sailors formed their own soviet and demanded the abolition of tsarism, a constituent assembly and improvements to their conditions. The tsar reacted to the events of by promising reforms — but equivocating about what they should be.
A day after assassination of Sergei Alexandrovich, Nicholas declared that his ministers would investigate plans for a representative Duma assembly.
But this vague proposal failed to gain support and was strongly criticised by socialists and some liberals. It also failed to assuage unrest and strikes in Russian cities. The tension only eased when Sergei Witte returned in October, after participating in peace negotiations with the Japanese.
He fired off a memo to Nicholas II, urging him to permit the immediate formation of a representative Duma. Through all these horrible days, I constantly met Witte.
We very often met in the early morning to part only in the evening when night fell. There were only two ways open; to find an energetic soldier and crush the rebellion by sheer force. That would mean rivers of blood, and in the end we would be where we had started.
The other way out would be to give to the people their civil rights, freedom of speech and press, also to have laws confirmed by a State Duma — that of course would be a constitution.The Russian Revolution of is sometimes called the First Russian Revolution.
In this case, the term Second Russian Revolution refers to the Russian Revolution of Then again, the term First Russian Revolution can also refer to the Russian March (February) Revolution of Feb 26, · Watch video · Russian Revolution of Russia industrialized much later than Western Europe and the United States.
When it finally did, around the turn of the 20th century, it brought with it immense social. The Russian Revolution of is sometimes called the First Russian Revolution. In this case, the term Second Russian Revolution refers to the Russian Revolution of Then again, the term First Russian Revolution can also refer to the Russian March (February) Revolution of Was the Russian Revolution in or ?
Whenever anyone thinks of the Russian Revolution, they immediately bring to mind the events of which led to the . This part of our timeline of the Russian Revolutions discusses the first one, in , which was crushed by the authorities.
Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: Search the site GO. History & Culture. European History Revolutions & Rebellions Major Figures & Events The Unhappy History that Led to the Russian Revolution.
The Russian Revolution was sparked off by a peaceful protest held on January 22nd. This protest may well have been the turning point in the relationship the tsar, Nicholas II, enjoyed with his people.
Led by a Russian Orthodox priest, Father Gapon, , people took to the cold and snow covered streets of St Petersburg to protest about their lifestyle.